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External Publication

Policies for seed and early stage finance

This paper highlights the findings from a research project to investigate the role of public support to promote seed and early stage financing, including an OECD questionnaire sent to the 34 OECD member countries in 2012.

By: and Date: February 4, 2014 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy

This paper highlights the findings from a research project to investigate the role of public support to promote seed and early stage financing, including an OECD questionnaire sent to the 34 OECD member countries in 2012. The questionnaire focused on seed and early stage financing, looking at the supply side, regulatory challenges and demand side actions.

The questionnaire was answered by 32 OECD countries as well by about 100 experts in those countries. The list of current financing instrument identified, along with links to the further information about them, can be found in Annex I of this paper. The results of the questionnaire were supplemented by further research conducted by the OECD Secretariat as well as by the discussions from a series of financing policy workshops hosted by member countries.

The report highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early stage firms across OECD member countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about the young firms’ access to finance. The paper notes that framework conditions play an important role in access to finance and must be taken into consideration as a significant part of the policy mix. Demand side policies to develop entrepreneurial and investment talent and networks are also critical. The paper discusses the role of evaluation and the need to better link policy objectives and outcomes.

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Opinion

A green industrial policy for Europe

A ‘green industrial policy’ able to promote economic growth, job creation and environmental goals altogether will be fundamental to Europe’s climate change ambitions.

By: Simone Tagliapietra and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Energy & Climate, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: January 13, 2021
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Policy Contribution

The productivity paradox: policy lessons from MICROPROD

The objective of MICROPROD, an EU-wide research project that runs until the end of 2021, is to understand what is driving the current productivity slowdown and what the potential consequences are for Europe's economic model and its citizens’ welfare. This Policy Contribution summarises the main, policy-relevant conclusions of the 20 MICROPROD papers delivered so far.

By: Grégory Claeys and Maria Demertzis Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: January 6, 2021
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Blog Post

Has the European Union squandered its coronavirus vaccination opportunity?

The European Union’s purchases of frontrunner coronavirus vaccines are insufficient for the population’s near-term needs. The shortfall could have healthcare consequences and might delay economic reopening. Lessons should be learned for future pandemics.

By: J. Scott Marcus Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: January 6, 2021
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Past Event

Past Event

A green industrial policy for Europe

The EU needs to develop a strong green industrial policy. What should Europe's strategy look like and how can we achieve it?

Speakers: Ann Mettler, Simone Tagliapietra and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 17, 2020
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Blueprint

A green industrial policy for Europe

This Blueprint examines how the European Union can develop a coherent green industrial policy that will serve the goals of the European Green Deal.

By: Simone Tagliapietra and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Energy & Climate, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: December 17, 2020
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Podcast

Podcast

The new EU digital regulations: Explained

Bruegel's experts walk you through all the details of the EU's Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act.

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: December 16, 2020
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Opinion

Brussels’ Digital Plan Leaves the Key Issue Unaddressed

To promote well-being and shared prosperity, EU decision-makers will need to show the same desire for competition beyond the boundaries of digital markets.

By: Mario Mariniello Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: December 14, 2020
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Past Event

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The Silencing effect: digital gender-based violence against women in leadership

Due to Covid-19, digital spaces have become the main forum for public discussions. How can women remain engaged, visible, and relevant in their professional spheres?

Speakers: Chiara De Santis, Laura Groenendaal, Monika Ladmanova, Michela Palladino and Scarlett Varga Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: December 9, 2020
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Past Event

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Innovative approaches to monitoring the risks and impact of COVID-19

What new innovative tools can we use to measure real-time economic and social risk?

Speakers: Zsolt Darvas, Jaime Garcia, Ben McWilliams, Nicola Villa and Georg Zachmann Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 8, 2020
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What's the hype all about: the future of social media

What is the future of social media? Conversation with Nick Clegg and Sinan Aral.

Speakers: Sinan Aral, Nick Clegg and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: December 7, 2020
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Opinion

A timid start for European Union data governance

Europe needs all pieces of its data strategy puzzle to be in place to enhance its competitive position: there is still a long way to go.

By: Mario Mariniello Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: November 26, 2020
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Digital Platforms, Regulation and Competition: What's next for Europe?

Will the new rules of the internet go far enough for consumers and creators? Should we regulate platforms or will a code of conduct suffice?

Speakers: Diane Coyle, Jorge Padilla, Georgios Petropoulos and Alex A. Saliba Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: November 26, 2020
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