Download publication

External Publication

Policies for seed and early stage finance

This paper highlights the findings from a research project to investigate the role of public support to promote seed and early stage financing, including an OECD questionnaire sent to the 34 OECD member countries in 2012.

By: and Date: February 4, 2014 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy

This paper highlights the findings from a research project to investigate the role of public support to promote seed and early stage financing, including an OECD questionnaire sent to the 34 OECD member countries in 2012. The questionnaire focused on seed and early stage financing, looking at the supply side, regulatory challenges and demand side actions.

The questionnaire was answered by 32 OECD countries as well by about 100 experts in those countries. The list of current financing instrument identified, along with links to the further information about them, can be found in Annex I of this paper. The results of the questionnaire were supplemented by further research conducted by the OECD Secretariat as well as by the discussions from a series of financing policy workshops hosted by member countries.

The report highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early stage firms across OECD member countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about the young firms’ access to finance. The paper notes that framework conditions play an important role in access to finance and must be taken into consideration as a significant part of the policy mix. Demand side policies to develop entrepreneurial and investment talent and networks are also critical. The paper discusses the role of evaluation and the need to better link policy objectives and outcomes.

Read about event
 

Upcoming Event

Sep
1-3
09:00

Bruegel Annual Meetings 2020

The Annual Meetings are Bruegel's flagship event which gathers high-level speakers to discuss the economic topics that affect Europe and the world.

Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read article More on this topic
 

Blog Post

Artificial intelligence’s great impact on low and middle-skilled jobs

Artificial intelligence and machine learning will significantly transform low-skilled jobs that have not yet been negatively affected by past technological change.

By: Sybrand Brekelmans and Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: June 29, 2020
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

The role of AI in healthcare

How can AI help us fight through a pandemic crisis?

Speakers: Dimitris Bertsimas, Georgios Petropoulos, Effy Vayena and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 23, 2020
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Biological threats and EU preparedness: How can we make the system more resilient?

Can the EU handle biological threats?

Speakers: Maria Demertzis, Magnus Normark, Ilkka Salmi, Jukka Savolainen, Anne Sénéquier and Reinhilde Veugelers Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 18, 2020
Read article Download PDF More on this topic
 

Working Paper

Occupational change, artificial intelligence and the geography of EU labour markets

From 2002 up to 2009, the economies of European Union countries went through a skill upgrading, rather than a polarisation between low-skill and high-skill jobs. After 2009, this changed, with declining real wages and a significant increase in the share of workers in low-skill jobs. This assessment evaluates these changes in connection with labour market variables, population densities and the emergence of machine learning and artificial intelligence.

By: Sybrand Brekelmans and Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: June 15, 2020
Read article Download PDF More by this author
 

Book/Special report

Bruegel annual report 2019

The Bruegel annual report provides a broad overview of the organisation's work in the previous year.

By: Bruegel Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: May 20, 2020
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

Tackling the rise of cybercrime amid COVID-19 with Ylva Johansson

How can the European Union fight the cybercriminals that are exploiting the coronavirus crisis?

Speakers: Ylva Johansson, Michael Peel and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: May 7, 2020
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

An alternative mobile operating environment?

Walking the wire: we discuss risks and benefits involved for the EU should it embark on developing a new smartphone operating system.

Speakers: Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, J. Scott Marcus, Renato Nazzini, Peter Stuckmann and Andreas Zimmer Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: April 29, 2020
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Technology, data, privacy, and the fight against disease

Reconciling health and privacy needs.

Speakers: Anna Buchta, Bennett Cyphers, Simon Hania, Caroline Louveaux, J. Scott Marcus and Mikko Niva Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 22, 2020
Read article Download PDF
 

Policy Contribution

Racing against COVID-19: a vaccines strategy for Europe

This Policy Contribution proposes a staged support scheme to tackle the COVID-19 vaccine challenge and a moon shot programme to meet the challenge of future pandemics.

By: Reinhilde Veugelers and Georg Zachmann Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: April 21, 2020
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Find my virus: Mobilising AI and big data to fight COVID-19

At this event, the panellists will discuss the role of AI and big data in the fight against the coronavirus crisis.

Speakers: J. Scott Marcus, Alex Sandy Pentland, Georgios Petropoulos and Marietje Schaake Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 2, 2020
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

POSTPONED: Banking on Digital: a conversation with Ana Botin, Executive chairman of Santander Group

This event will feature a conversation between Anna Botin and Guntram Wolff on the future of the European Banking sector in face of the digital revolution.

Speakers: Ana Botin and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 25, 2020
Load more posts