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Policy Contribution

Banking system soundness is the key to more SME financing

This briefing paper was prepared for the European Parliament Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs ahead of the European Parliament’s Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Mario Draghi on 8 July 2013. The SME access-to-finance problem is not universal in the European Union and there are reasons for the fall in credit aggregates and higher SME lending rates in southern Europe. Possible market failures, high unemployment and externalities justify making greater and easier access to finance for SMEs a top priority. 

By: Date: July 14, 2013 Topic: Banking and capital markets

The SME access-to-finance problem is not universal in the European Union and there are reasons for the fall in credit aggregates and higher SME lending rates in southern Europe. Possible market failures, high unemployment and externalities justify making greater and easier access to finance for SMEs a top priority. Previous European initiatives were able to support only a tiny fraction of Europe’s SMEs; merely stepping-up these programmes is unlikely to result in a breakthrough. Without repairing bank balance sheets and resuming economic growth, initiatives to help SMEs get access to finance will have limited success. The European Central Bank can foster bank recapitalisation by performing in the toughest possible way the asset quality review before it takes over the single supervisory role. Of the possible initiatives for fostering SME access to finance, a properly designed scheme for targeted central bank lending seems to be the best complement to the banking clean-up, but other options, such as increased European Investment Bank lending and the promotion of securitisation of SME loans, should also be explored.

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Working Paper

COVID-19 credit-support programmes in Europe’s five largest economies

This paper assesses COVID-19 credit-support programmes in five of the largest European economies, and examines how countries have dealt with trade-offs raised by the programmes.

By: Julia Anderson, Francesco Papadia and Nicolas Véron Topic: Macroeconomic policy Date: February 24, 2021
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Policy Contribution

Emerging Europe and the capital markets union

The European Union's capital market union needs a revamp because of Brexit and the deep recession, and to underpin the European Green Deal. In particular, equity capital in the countries of central and eastern Europe is underdeveloped. These countries should take measures to facilitate equity finance, accompanied by reform at EU level.

By: Alexander Lehmann Topic: Banking and capital markets Date: September 17, 2020
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Policy Contribution

A new policy toolkit is needed as countries exit COVID-19 lockdowns

Most governments have taken measures to protect vulnerable workers and firms from the worst effects of the sudden drop in activity related to COVID-19. But as lockdowns are lifted, the focus must shift, and governments in advanced economies must design measures that will limit the pain of adjustment.

By: Olivier Blanchard, Thomas Philippon and Jean Pisani-Ferry Topic: Global economy and trade Date: June 22, 2020
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Opinion

COVID-19 and India: economic impact and response

This piece was published the day before India imposed one of the world's strictest lockdowns in its response to the COVID-19 response. It remains relevant in assessing the government's actions in the ten weeks that have since passed.

By: Suman Bery Topic: Global economy and trade Date: May 27, 2020
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External Publication

European Parliament

A Just Transition Fund – How the EU budget can help with the transition

On 14 January 2020, the European Commission published its proposal for a Just Transition Mechanism, intended to provide support to territories facing serious socioeconomic challenges related to the transition towards climate neutrality. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of how the EU can best ensure a ‘just transition’ in all its territories and for all its citizens with the tools at its disposal. It provides an overview and a critical assessment of the Commission's proposal, and suggests possible amendments based on best practices from other just-transition initiatives.

By: Aliénor Cameron, Grégory Claeys, Catarina Midões and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: European Parliament, Green economy, Macroeconomic policy Date: May 26, 2020
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Opinion

The importance of economic diversification in the Middle East

Simone Tagliapietra's latest opinion on the Financial Times, on the role of Middle East as cornerstones of global energy

By: Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Green economy Date: October 2, 2019
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Blog Post

EU support for SME IPOs should be part of a broader package that unlocks equity finance

The incoming Commission President has put support for SMEs at the centre of her economic programme. A public-private fund investing in initial public offerings should be carefully targeted, primarily at small firms with risky projects. The announced SME strategy and further measures under the Capital Markets Union programme should address numerous other barriers to both public and private equity finance.

By: Alexander Lehmann and Bruegel Topic: Banking and capital markets Date: September 16, 2019
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Opinion

China's dual banking system: consolidation as the final solution for weak small banks

There are fundamental solvency and liquidity issues for some small Chinese banks, widely influencing both the bond market as well as the broader financial sector. Given the difficulties in creating a level playing field between small and large banks, there is an expectation that small banks will continue to under-perform.

By: Alicia García-Herrero, Gary Ng and Bruegel Topic: Banking and capital markets Date: September 16, 2019
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Past Event

Past Event

Financial inclusion of SMEs for growth and job creation

How can increased access to finance benefit SMEs? What reforms are needed to encourage SME financial inclusion?

Speakers: Jihad Azour, Bruno Balvanera, Zsolt Darvas, Barbara Marchitto, A Ndoye and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Global economy and trade Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: June 21, 2019
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Blog Post

Cryptoeconomics – the opportunities and challenges of blockchain

While the activities using the peer-to-peer cryptocurrency Bitcoin swing between legal and illegal, the attention has been increasingly shifting to the technology underlying Bitcoin, known as blockchain. The mechanics and economics of Bitcoin have been reviewed in a previous Bruegel blogpost. In this blog review we explain, or at least attempt to, what blockchain is and whether it contains the extraordinary innovation potential that its proponents believe it to have, or perhaps such hype is oversold.

By: Uuriintuya Batsaikhan and Bruegel Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: July 3, 2017
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Past Event

Past Event

How can development banks best support growth in Central, Eastern and South Eastern Europe?

European Macroeconomics & Governance

Topic: Banking and capital markets, Global economy and trade Date: June 2, 2015
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Past Event

Past Event

Building Entrepreneurial Ecosystems in Europe

Growth & Innovation

Topic: Digital economy and innovation Date: December 2, 2014
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