The triggers of competitiveness: The EFIGE cross-country report
What are the factors that will trigger the competitiveness of European firms? The authors of this study have worked intensively for three years on the question, as part of EFIGE (European Firms in the Global Economy), a Bruegel-headed research project on the topic. The conclusions of the report are based on a major EFIGE survey covering 15,000 firms in seven European countries, which is the first comparable dataset of its kind in Europe.
Competitiveness is one of the most debated issues in policy circles. But, what triggers it? Capitalising on the first existing harmonised cross-country dataset measuring the entire range of international activities of firms in seven European countries (Austria, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom), we first confirm a number well-established results of the firm heterogeneity literature. Secondly, and more importantly, we identify several innovational, financial, organizational and managerial triggers of competitiveness at firm level. Finally, we argue that enhancing-competitiveness policymaking could be improved by firm-level evidence if there were less reluctance to the use of micro-founded indicators to inform policy decisions.