Download publication

Book/Special report

Investment and growth in the time of climate change

Largely focussing on the European dimension of this goal, this report considers investment and economic growth on a greenhouse-gas emissions trajectory that breaks with the past. At the heart of this analysis is the quest for economic efficiency. Considering trade-offs and government policy together, the key message from this report is that there is unexploited scope for making Europe’s climate action more efficient, growth-friendly, and in tune with fiscal constraints.

By: , , and Date: June 13, 2012 Topic: Energy & Climate

See also comment ‘Investment and growth in the time of climate change

Climate scientists mostly agree that, if current trends continue, global greenhouse-gas emissions are very likely to result in dangerous interference by mankind in the earth’s climate. Against this background, the world community has set itself the goal of limiting the increase in the global average temperature by the end of this century to no more than 2°C compared to pre-industrial times. To get there, global emissions will have to fall substantially.

Largely focussing on the European dimension of this goal, this report considers investment and economic growth on a greenhouse-gas emissions trajectory that breaks with the past. Investment-related questions that this report pursues include: how should Europe properly balance investment in mitigating greenhouse-gas emissions and adaptation to climate change?

How urgent is it to invest in both? How do global cooperation on climate action and fear of climate catastrophe impact on the balance between mitigation and adaptation? What are the key obstacles to climate investment? Which policies promise to remove these obstacles and make investment profitable, thereby encouraging investment finance? What are the respective roles of the private and the public sector? Growth-related questions include: how are climate action and economic growth linked and, specifically,what is the role of innovation? Are there only trade-offs between climate action and growth or are therewin-wins, too? Can climate action help Europe emerge from its economic crisis? How can climate action be made as growth-friendly as possible?

In addressing these questions, this report takes an economic perspective. More specifically, at the heart of the analysis is the quest for economic efficiency. Not surprisingly for this type of analysis, a key theme running through the report is one of trade-offs and difficult choices that society needs to make. Cognisant of the fact that markets left alone will not make economically efficient choices, another common theme is the role of government policies in bringing about efficient outcomes. Considering trade-offs and government policy together, the key message from this report is that there is unexploited scope for making Europe’s climate action more efficient, growth-friendly, and in tune with fiscal constraints.

The report is the result of a joint research effort by the Economics Department of the European Investment Bank and Bruegel. It is our hope that it will help to clarify some of the complexities involved in designing effective policies to address climate change without sacrificing too much economic growth, in a world in which international cooperation on climate action is so difficult to achieve.

Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Mar
2
10:00

Paris Reinforce: Central Asia and Caspian region Stakeholder Discussion Series #2

Second edition of the Paris Reinforce workshop with focus on Central Asian and Caspian (CAC) region.

Speakers: Gabriele Cassetti, Haris Doukas, Rocco De Miglio and Georg Zachmann Topic: Energy & Climate
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Mar
3
16:00

The economics of biodiversity

Join us in conversation with Sir Partha Dasgupta and Frans Timmermans to mark the publication of The Economics of Biodiversity: The Dasgupta Review

Speakers: Sir Partha Dasgupta, Maria Demertzis, Frans Timmermans and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Energy & Climate Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Protecting workers in the platform economy

How can we protect platform workers while preserving the opportunities and benefits that are generated by the sharing economy?

Speakers: Payal Dalal, Mario Mariniello, Diane Mulcahy, Ana Carla Pereira, Jacob Rudbäck and Shamina Singh Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: February 24, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Podcast

Podcast

Can central banks save the planet?

“We are not going to lead our society to a low-carbon economy by continuing to finance the status quo. “

By: The Sound of Economics Topic: Energy & Climate Date: February 24, 2021
Read article More on this topic More by this author
 

Blog Post

A brown or a green European Central Bank?

The European Central Bank portfolio is skewed towards the brown economy, reflecting a bias in the market. Can and should the bank deviate from the market allocation?

By: Dirk Schoenmaker Topic: Energy & Climate Date: February 24, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Mar
15
13:00

Think green act local: the role of the G20 in sustainable infrastructure

In this workshop, invited guests will discuss priorities and proposals for the Italian G20 Presidency for a green local infrastructure agenda.

Speakers: Amar Bhattacharya, Maria Demertzis, Niclas Poitiers and Gelsomina Vigliotti Topic: Energy & Climate Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Mar
15
15:00

Declining competition: a transatlantic challenge

Join us for a discussion of transatlantic competition with Managing Director of the IMF Kristalina Georgieva and Executive Vice President of the European Commission Margrethe Vestager.

Speakers: Romain Duval, Kristalina Georgieva, Nancy Rose, Tommaso Valletti, Margrethe Vestager, David Wessel and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic
 

Upcoming Event

Mar
9
14:00

A new carbon pricing paradigm for the path to net zero

Which role carbon pricing could and should play in the future policy mix?

Speakers: Georg Zachmann and Ottmar Edenhofer Topic: Energy & Climate Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Prospects for the US climate policy under the Biden Administration

How US climate policy is likely to evolve, and which international impacts can be expected?

Speakers: Jason Bordoff, Kate Marvel, Michael Mehling, Robert N. Stavins, Leah Stokes and Simone Tagliapietra Topic: Energy & Climate Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: February 17, 2021
Read article More on this topic
 

Blog Post

Regulating big tech: the Digital Markets Act

The European Union’s proposed Digital Markets Act will attempt to control online gatekeepers by subjecting them to a wider range of upfront constraints.

By: Julia Anderson and Mario Mariniello Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: February 16, 2021
Read about event More on this topic
 

Past Event

Past Event

Towards a European industrial renaissance?

An open-minded debate on the future of industry in Europe, hearing the perspective of European business leaders.

Speakers: Vinod Kumar, Jean-Marc Ollagnier, Claire Waysand and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: February 12, 2021
Read about event
 

Past Event

Past Event

Building back greener: sustainable finance and the Green Deal

How could additional regulation incentivise investment while upholding the integrity of sustainable finance?

Speakers: Klaas Knot, Sean Kidney, Alexander Lehmann, Isabelle Mateos y Lago and Philipp von Restorff Topic: Energy & Climate, Finance & Financial Regulation Date: February 11, 2021
Load more posts