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Policy Contribution

How wide is the Mediterrenean?

This Policy Contribution provides up-to-date evidence of the strong heterogeneity in the relationships between the five biggest EU economies with the Southern Mediterranean Countries (SMCs). Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia are still strongly tied to France, Italy and Spain, in terms of investments, financial flows and migration.

By: , and Date: May 20, 2012 Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy

This policy contribution provides up-to-date evidence of the strong heterogeneity in the relationships between the five biggest EU economies with the Southern Mediterranean Countries (SMCs).

Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia are still strongly tied to France, Italy and Spain, in terms of investments, financial flows and migration. This pattern is in line with the pattern of sizable French and Spanish official bilateral development assistance for Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia. However, the economic connection of Germany, the UK and the US to the western SMCs is negligible. German and US bilateral development assistance is focused in Egypt, while the four other SMCs appear not to be priorities for non-Mediterranean EU countries.

These differences cannot be explained by geographical distance alone. The unbalanced economic relationship of the SMCs with a small number of European countries risks exposing the SMCs to shocks in partner countries. Stronger economic ties also results in a higher degree of mutual political attention, as exemplified by bilateral development assistance that flows more strongly between countries with strong economic links. EU external policy is still largely driven by member states’ interests. Hence building economic ties between the SMCs and non-traditional EU partners could both improve the SMCs’ external economic relationships, and make the SMCs’ political relationship with the EU more resilient.

Bruegel gratefully acknowledges the support of the German Marshall Fund

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Book/Special report

Bruegel annual report 2019

The Bruegel annual report provides a broad overview of the organisation's work in the previous year.

By: Bruegel Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Date: May 20, 2020
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Past Event

Past Event

Tackling the rise of cybercrime amid COVID-19 with Ylva Johansson

How can the European Union fight the cybercriminals that are exploiting the coronavirus crisis?

Speakers: Ylva Johansson, Michael Peel and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: May 7, 2020
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Past Event

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An alternative mobile operating environment?

Walking the wire: we discuss risks and benefits involved for the EU should it embark on developing a new smartphone operating system.

Speakers: Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, J. Scott Marcus, Renato Nazzini, Peter Stuckmann and Andreas Zimmer Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: April 29, 2020
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Upcoming Event

Sep
1-3
09:00

Bruegel Annual Meetings 2020

The Annual Meetings are Bruegel's flagship event which gathers high-level speakers to discuss the economic topics that affect Europe and the world.

Topic: Energy & Climate, European Macroeconomics & Governance, Finance & Financial Regulation, Global Economics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels
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Past Event

Past Event

Technology, data, privacy, and the fight against disease

Reconciling health and privacy needs.

Speakers: Anna Buchta, Bennett Cyphers, Simon Hania, Caroline Louveaux, J. Scott Marcus and Mikko Niva Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 22, 2020
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Policy Contribution

Racing against COVID-19: a vaccines strategy for Europe

This Policy Contribution proposes a staged support scheme to tackle the COVID-19 vaccine challenge and a moon shot programme to meet the challenge of future pandemics.

By: Reinhilde Veugelers and Georg Zachmann Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: April 21, 2020
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Past Event

Past Event

Find my virus: Mobilising AI and big data to fight COVID-19

At this event, the panellists will discuss the role of AI and big data in the fight against the coronavirus crisis.

Speakers: J. Scott Marcus, Alex Sandy Pentland, Georgios Petropoulos and Marietje Schaake Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: April 2, 2020
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Past Event

Past Event

POSTPONED: Banking on Digital: a conversation with Ana Botin, Executive chairman of Santander Group

This event will feature a conversation between Anna Botin and Guntram Wolff on the future of the European Banking sector in face of the digital revolution.

Speakers: Ana Botin and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Finance & Financial Regulation, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 25, 2020
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Blog Post

Artificial intelligence in the fight against COVID-19

Artificial intelligence can help fight the coronavirus through applications including population screening, notifications of when to seek medical help and tracking how infection spreads. The COVID-19 outbreak has triggered intense work on such applications, but it will take time before results become visible.

By: Georgios Petropoulos Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: March 23, 2020
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Big data versus COVID-19: opportunities and privacy challenges

All available resources need to be brought to bear on the novel coronavirus COVID-19. To what extent can digital technology help? What risks are there in using big data to combat COVID-19, and what policies can mitigate any limitations that these risks impose?

By: J. Scott Marcus Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Date: March 23, 2020
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Past Event

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European Industrial Policy in times of coronavirus with Thierry Breton

At this livestream event by Bruegel and the FT Brussels Briefing we were joined by Thierry Breton to discuss the the challenges posed to Europe's Industrial Policy by COVID-19. This event is ONLINE ONLY

Speakers: Thierry Breton, Sam Fleming and Guntram B. Wolff Topic: Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 19, 2020
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ONLINE ROUND TABLE: Future of the EU-UK science cooperation

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Speakers: Michael Leigh and Beth Thompson Topic: European Macroeconomics & Governance, Innovation & Competition Policy Location: Bruegel, Rue de la Charité 33, 1210 Brussels Date: March 17, 2020
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