Bruegel research is fact-based. Projects that start from a policy question regularly involve the creation of indicators, the gathering of data that are not readily available from international sources, or even the generation of new data. To make such material available to outside users is just another way to fulfil our mission to contribute to improving economic policy. This data page provides a number of Bruegel datasets and also faciliates the link to exisiting data sources that Bruegel researchers often use. We trust that users will mention the Bruegel source in their own publications. Feedback on any inaccuracy or incompleteness is welcome.
Latest update 4 April 2014
This database includes real and nominal effective exchange rates from the papers:
Darvas, Zsolt (2012a) 'Real effective exchange rates for 178 countries: a new database', Working Paper 2012/06, Bruegel, 15 March 2012
Darvas, Zsolt (2012b) 'Compositional effects on productivity, labour cost and export adjustment', Policy Contribution 2012/11, Bruegel, 22 June 2012
Latest update 1 November 2012
EFIGE stands for “European Firms in a Global Economy: internal policies for external competitiveness” and examines the pattern of internationalisation of European firms. It is the follow-up project of the EFIM project - European Firms and International Markets. This new project, led by Bruegel, working together with seven other partners, has received the support of the Directorate General Research of the European Commission through its FP7 programme. It is running from September 1th 2008 to August 31th 2012.
The database, for the first time in Europe, combines measures of firms’ international activities (e.g. exports, outsourcing, FDI, import) as well as quantitative and qualitative information on around 150 items ranging from R&D and innovation, labor organization, financing and organizational activities, pricing behavior. Data consists of a representative sample (at the country level for the manufacturing industry) of almost 15,000 surveyed firms (above 10 employees) in seven European economies (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Austria, Hungary). Data have been collected in 2010, thus covering the years from 2007 to 2009. Special questions related to the behavior of firms during the crisis have also been included in the Survey.
Latest update 5 February 2014
This dataset collects sectorial holdings of government debt for 12 countries, collected for public sources only.The value of this dataset comes especially from the broad coverage of euro area/EU countries, which to our knowledge is unprecedented.
Notice that due to the frequent revisions that characterise this kind of data, a frequent update is necessary and will be conducted by Bruegel on a quarterly basis but take into account that the various national authorities may release these data with even more than a year lag, so please be patient.
Related publication: Who's afraid of sovereign bonds?
Latest update 28th February 2014
In this dataset, we provide a breakdown of the Eurosystem refinancing operations across countries and LTRO/MRO. While the ECB publishes the total numbers for the euro area, the breakdown across countries is to date not centrally available. We compile the data from the different national central banks.
Related publication: Propping up Europe?